What’s a Computer Motherboard?

All vital inner elements of a computer system are linked to a flat, rectangular circuit board known as the computer motherboard. If the CPU is known as the “brains” of a computer, the motherboard will be thought of as the “heart.” In computer terminology, the motherboard can also be called the logic board, mainboard, or system board. It’s commonly abbreviated as “mobo” or MB.

While a motherboard doesn’t boost the speed of a computer, it is without doubt one of the most essential parts of a computer because it links all components that permit a pc system to function. If you are purchasing a barebone system, it will always come with a motherboard which serves as the spine or backbone upon which other pc components can be attached.

Most of a pc’s internal elements are plugged directly onto the motherboard by way of sockets or slots. A motherboard might include an Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) that can be used to attach an AGP video card, Peripheral Element Interconnect (PCI) slots for PCI video cards and network cards, and Integrated Drive Electronics (IDE) interfaces for hard drives and optical drives. The computer motherboard also contains several ports for exterior peripherals like the monitor, printer, keyboard, mouse, speakers and removable devices.

A pc element could also be built into the motherboard. Some examples are integrated sound cards, graphics cards or Network Interface Cards (NIC). A constructed-in laptop part may be disabled in favor of a more powerful version.

In particular, the pc motherboard contains a socket that can accommodate a particular type of CPU. Some motherboards can only help AMD CPUs while others are only suitable with Intel processors. There is yet no motherboard that may help all types of CPUs.

The computer motherboard additionally contains a north bridge chipset and a south bridge chipset. The north bridge links the hard disk drive and RAM to the motherboard while the south bridge connects other laptop parts like the video cards and sound cards to the motherboard.

Additionally, the motherboard has a Basic Input/Output System (BIOS) chip that checks computer hardware like the ability supply unit and the hard disk drives for malfunctions. After performing its hardware check, the BIOS chip powers up the pc CPU. While you boot up your PC, the BIOS is the first program run by the pc earlier than bringing you to Windows or your favored operating system.

The computer motherboard additionally includes a real-time battery-operated clock chip that determines time. This is the reason why they can still inform time correctly even if they have not seen any use in weeks or months.

Merely put, the motherboard serves as a hub where the CPU, RAM, hard disk drive, optical drive, graphics card, sound card and different pc hardware can meet and mingle!

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