George Johann Klein invented the electric-powered wheelchair within the 1950s. Considered as probably the most productive Canadian inventor of the 20th century, his other notable innovations include the microsurgical staple gun, the ZEEP nuclear reactor, the Canadarm, and the Weasel all terrain vehicle. Klein was working for the National Research Council of Canada when he got here up with the electric wheelchair which was meant for injured World War II veterans.
In 2005, the primary successfully working electric wheelchair was welcomed back to Canada during the official launch of Klein’s biography in Ottawa. The chair had been given to the federal government of the United States in 1955 in a gesture to demonstrate the commitment of Canada to help disabled people all over the world. It is now displayed on the Canada Science and Technology Museum.
The electric wheelchair has been dubbed as Canada’s Great Invention. Its development was spurred by the inflow of veterans of the Second World War who had become disabled by injuries sustained in battle. The concerted efforts of the National Research Council of Canada, the Canadian Paraplegic Association, and Canada’s Department of Veteran Affairs resulted in an electric motor propelled wheelchair that was actually useful.
Earlier than the advent of this type of wheelchair, quadriplegics had no way to move round by themselves. A little earlier, Canadian Paraplegic Affiliation founder John Counsel had successfully lobbied the Canadian Government for the mass buy of manual wheelchairs. This helped paraplegic veterans however not quadriplegics. Dr. Klein, in collaboration with medical practitioners, patients, engineers, and scientists, then moved into the breach by originating the idea of the electronic wheelchair.
Born in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada on August 15, 1904, George Klein grew to become an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1968 and was later inducted to the Canadian Science and Technology Museum Corridor of Fame (in 1995) because of his work on the electric wheel chair and other noteworthy inventions. He died on November four, 1992 in Ottawa at the age of 88 years.
His innovations, nevertheless, keep him alive within the memory of individuals all over the world, particularly of those that are enjoying the independence and mobility that he made potential by means of the electric wheelchair. At this time there are numerous adaptations of this kind of wheelchair, which has been customized to the different needs of individuals. Rear, centre, front wheel and four wheel drive variants are presently available.
Initially meant for quadriplegics and invalids who cannot self-propel a manual wheelchair as a consequence of sure disabilities, the electric-powered wheelchair is now also prescribed for persons who have cardiovascular conditions. It can be designed to be used indoors or outdoors, or for both. There are portable models and full featured “rehab” models. There are kinds which have on-board chargers while others have separate chargers.
The electric wheelchair is controlled by way of joysticks or other kinds of units corresponding to chin controls or puff/sip scanners. These controllers can regulate not only the chair’s speed and direction but in addition other functional movements, reminiscent of recline, tilt, seat elevation, and leg elevation, that make its occupant able to perform sure motions and activities that might not have been doable otherwise.